Breed Group: Toy
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The Chihuahua is the smallest of all breeds and has the distinction of being the oldest breed in America. They were named after the Chihuahua region in Mexico. It is believed that this breed descended from an ancient breed that was larger in size and highly prized by Aztec royalty. This breed erupted onto the national scene as a “must have” dog for a few reasons. The old Taco Bell television commercial, “Yo Quiero Taco Bell?”, featured a Chihuahua. This TV commercial quickly ascended the Chihuahua in popularity simultaneously referring this breed as "The Taco Bell Dog". Their popularity also grew as the rich and famous were often seen carting these small dogs around in stylish oversized purses. What's their appeal? The tiny dog and its feisty attitude coupled with long lasting, enduring loyalty, colorful expressive face, large round eyes and small stature makes this breed one of the most appealing sought after breeds today.

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The Chihuahua is a very individualistic, highly intelligent breed. They each have their own unique personality, so only a few generalizations can be made. They are commonly referred to as a "Chi". They are energetic, graceful, and display a human-like expression. Their life span is the longest of any size dog.

Does your Chihuahua bark, howl, and cry whenever you leave the house? Separation anxiety is extreme anxiety experienced by your dog when you are away from him.
The Chihuahua is deeply devoted and fiercely loyal. They typically become extremely attached to one or two people. They are bold, fearless, and highly protective of their masters. They thrive on inordinate amounts of attention. The Chihuahua is by nature gentle, loving, and sweet-tempered. They are wary of strangers and make excellent watchdogs. This breed is not well suited for children or other pets. However, they are sociable with their own kind. Chihuahuas are excellent companions in the right circumstances. They have big dog personalities but most of the times they don’t realize how small they really are. Aggressive tendencies are common amongst this breed especially towards other dogs both large and small. Their aggressive tendencies can make strolls through a park or busy city street difficult without having properly socialized them from puppyhood. A study shown in "The Journal of Applied Animal Behavior Science" found this breed to be one of the top breeds most likely to bite a person or begin an altercation with another dog.
The Chihuahua requires minimal grooming. The Smooth coat variety requires only occasional brushing. The Long coat variety should be brushed several times a week with a soft bristle brush. Both varieties only need bathing once a month using a mild shampoo. Special care must be given to not get water into their ears as they are prone to ear infections. Dental hygiene is a must to prevent tooth loss. The health issues that affect this breed include slipped stifles, open font or soft spot, eye problems, and heart disease. The Chihuahua does not tolerate cold climates and must be protected when taken outside.

If your dog is displaying behavior uncharacteristic of his normal actions, call the Vet.
The Chihuahua coat comes in two varieties: The Smooth and Long coat. The Smooth coat has a glossy, soft, and close coat which is full textured over the entire body, but quite scanty on the head and ears. The Long coat has a soft, longer coat that can be slightly curly or flat. This variety does have an under-coat. Either coat type comes in a variety of colors such as fawn, brown, black, and white. The coat may be solid in color, marked with splashes of color, or tri-color. They are an average shedder.
Most of this breeds tendencies can be encouraged from gentle, compassionate training starting from puppyhood. Concentrating on training and socializing your puppy from an early age will prevent the Chihuahua from becoming a little tyrant or from exhibiting bad behavior or bad manners often discouraged in larger breed dogs. Unfortunately, too many people who buy a Chihuahua often let their puppy rule the roost which complicates matters for reversing their learned acceptable behavior. The Chihuahua can be difficult to train, but with patience, love, and consistency they do well. They respond best to continued positive reinforcement. Chihuahuas can be housetrained by either the crate method or the paper training method. Early, extensive, and intensive socialization is an absolute must for this breed and the importance cannot be expressed enough. Teaching your dog to sit, lie down, and stay is vital to the training of your new puppy. There are several accepted methods of house training your new Chihuahua puppy. Consider crate training if you need to adapt your dog to a safe and confined environment for various safety and comfort reasons.
Do you live in an apartment or condo that allows dogs? The Chihuahua is an excellent apartment or condominium dweller. The majority of their exercise needs can be met indoors by playing with toys, running throughout the house and through play sessions. Chihuahuas absolutely love going for a walk with their owners and greatly benefit from daily walks. When taking your Chihuahua out for a walk we recommend using a hardness rather than a leash given their delicate neck and bone structure. Socialization is one of the single most important things you can do for your puppy.
6 lbs
6-9 inches



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Chihuahua Questions

I have an 8 y/o deer headed Chihuahua who is a barker. He's never bitten anyone, but I believe if I did NOT keep him close at hand when others, including family, he would bite them! Everyone is so afraid of him, people & other 4 legged fur babies. Any hints on keeping him from being so territorial? In addition, he had a brother that passed 2/27/18, (not from same litter & 3 months in age difference), & my living baby & myself are still grieving. I know the grieving process is normal, but I want to add a new long-haired, apple faced, baby to our family. Would that be appropriate or not at this point & time? Have been looking, but am a Sr. Citizen, on a very fixed income & the costs I've seen are way out of my budget. I want one for a pet, not breeding or showing! Thanks for your answers.

First off, my condolences for your loss. It is never easy to lose a beloved pet. As for your aggressive dog, it is best to work with a certified trainer on your dogs aggressive tendencies. Chihuahua's are known for their barking and over-the-top behavior and if not properly trained and managed, that can turn into aggression very quickly. Since you are worried he would bite, you've seen him and something in your gut tells you that he would if given the chance. That is not good. It is time to contact a trainer that works with aggressive dogs to stop that behavior before someone gets hurt. Please do not add another dog into your home until you have complete control of the one already in your home. Young dogs, especially puppies will take on the behaviors of other dogs in the home. A new dog could easily become just as aggressive or more just by being in the home and watching.

What is the best puppy food to feed a chihuahua?

First off, congratulations on your new puppy. Secondly, as per food it is always a good idea to make sure you get a high quality food for your little one; so that he/she can grow up to be a healthy, happy adult dog. There are many brands of dog food that have a small breed puppy formula that would work well for your new puppy. Some brands to think of are Acana Small Breed Puppy Formula, Wellness Small Breed Puppy, Blue Small Breed Puppy, Nature's Variety Instinct Small Breed Puppy, Natural Balance Small Breed Chicken + Sweet Potato, Natural Balance Small Breed Fish + Sweet Potato, Nulo Small Breed Puppy, Nature's Variety Instinct + Raw Boots Small Breed Puppy, Simply Nourish Small Breed Puppy.

Can a female chihuahua around 7lbs safely carry and deliver puppies from a schnauzer chihuahua mix around 30lbs? I'm unsure what I should do? Please help me!

For the short version, no. The female Chihuahua will most likely have complications and will not be able to carry the puppies to full term. Or she will not be able to give birth, or could potentially hurt herself by carrying the puppies. If your female dog is already pregnant, then I would suggest doing an E-Spay, which will kill the potential puppies and spay your dog at the same time. But it will also save the mother.

The mother might live & either deliver or have a cecerian....Not necessairly an abortion

I have an 8 month old chihuahua. I noticed he is growing his adult k9 teeth under his tongue(behind the baby ones). So he's had 4 on the bottom for about 1 month. Last week I noticed his top teeth are doing the same besides the adult k9s are growing on the outside or on top of the other ones. Is this a problem? Or will they eventually fix themselves? This is the 1st time I've seen anything like this

We had the same issue...usually the adult teeth will eventually loosen the baby teeth and they will fall out. Chihuahuas lose their baby teeth a little later than other breeds.

I have the same problem with my long hair miniature teacup chihuahua. I took her in to get her pulled because she was well over 1 and they still hadn't fallen out

Our vet told us they no longer think it is wise to pull out the baby teeth until they are sure adult teeth are behind them. Where there is no adult tooth, they left the baby tooth. We had our Chihuahua neutered and the teeth done at the same time so she would only have one surgery. They took an xray beforehand to see which teeth to pull, leaving some baby teeth, as necessary.

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