American Eskimo Dog

Breed Group: Non-Sporting
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The exact origin of this breed is unknown, although it is widely believed this companion dog originated in the United States by German immigrants in the 20th century. A Member of the Spitz family, the American Eskimo Dog comes in three different varieties: toy, miniature, and standard. They became extremely popular in the 1930's and 1940's as a circus performer.

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Commonly referred to as the Eskie, this breed is compact and strong. A Nordic type dog, they are exceedingly agile and alert. They are considered to be one of the most intelligent of all dog breeds. The American Eskimo Dog is well balanced, hardy, and known for their longevity. This versatile breed possesses outstanding working skills, and makes a lovely companion.

Does your American Eskimo Dog bark, howl, and cry whenever you leave the house? Separation anxiety is extreme anxiety experienced by your dog when you are away from him.
Bred solely to be companions, the American Eskimo Dog thrives on being part of the family. This charming and playful breed is excellent with children, and loves to be lavished with attention. They are suspicious and wary of strangers and make good guardians of their family and home. They love to bark and will sound the alarm whenever they deem it necessary. This breed does not do well if left alone for extended periods of time or if they are isolated, as they will engage in destructive activities.
This breed requires firm bristle brushing twice weekly to prevent tangles and mats. Daily brushing may be necessary when they are shedding. They have drier skin than most other breeds; so bathing should only be done when absolutely necessary. The American Eskimo Dog is prone to hip dysplasia, cataracts, and progressive retinal atrophy.

If your dog is displaying behavior uncharacteristic of his normal actions, call the Vet.
The American Eskimo Dog has a glorious standoff double-coat. The under coat is dense with a longer coat of guard hair that grows through to form the outer coat. The outer coat is straight with no wave or curl. There is a profuse ruff around the neck. The backs of the front and rear legs are well feathered. The coat color is white, or white with cream or biscuit markings. This breed is an average shedder that "blows" their coat twice a year.
The American Eskimo Dog is easy to train and eager to please. This breed is highly talented in obedience trials. It is crucial they have early socialization to prevent aggression later in life. Training must be done with firmness, fairness, consistency, and positive reinforcement. The American Eskimo Dog is quite gifted in guarding, performing tricks, competitive obedience, agility, and narcotics detection. Teaching your dog to sit, lie down, and stay is vital to the training of your new puppy. There are several accepted methods of house training your new American Eskimo Dog puppy. Consider crate training if you need to adapt your dog to a safe and confined environment for various safety and comfort reasons.
This breed must have regular daily exercise. They enjoy securely leashed walks or playing in an enclosed yard. The American Eskimo Dog is active indoors and has a busy nature. They benefit immensely from family play sessions. They will do okay in an apartment provided they are sufficiently exercised and paid attention to. Socialization is one of the single most important things you can do for your puppy.
6-40 lbs
9-19 inches
white, or white with biscuit cream



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American Eskimo Dog Questions

What's the difference between an American Eskimo and a Schipperke?

The American Eskimo and the Schipperke are two completely different breeds of dogs. The American Eskimo is a small Spitz-type companion dog originating in Germany while the Schipperke is a small Spitz-type/Herding-type working dog originating in Belgium. Although they look the same, they are not. The A.E.D is a playful fun-loving little dog that enjoys children and are very intelligent. While the Schipperke is a feisty little dog that is known for its protective nature to its owners, very intelligent and hard working, the little Schipperke never backs down and is always on alert.

I had an Eskimo that I had bought from a pet store as a purebred puppy, however, he was black with a few white markings. He was the most intelligent dog that I have ever seen and could think like a person. We were told that it is a throw back and breeders destroy these pups, normally. Do true purebreds come in black, too?

I have never seen a black American Eskimo puppy ever. The only coloration deemed acceptable in the breed is white. However, it could be true as there are other throw back colors in other breeds. I would contact an established breeder and ask them this question as they would know more about the breed itself.

A flat no. No other color is acceptable, a colored dog that looks a lot like the Eskimo dog is the German Spitz while quite close in attitude they are two totally different breeds

The German spitz IS the eskie. There are two acceptable colors. White and biscuit.

During WW2 American breeders took the German spitz and breed it down a bit and called it the A.E.D. The name change was mainly because of the conflict with germany caused by the war, it also was more maeketable during that time to remove German from the name and replace it with American whitch seemed to be more patriotic. There are two acceptable colors according to the American Kennel Club. These colors are white and cream/biscut. White is the more perferred color, especially if the dog is to become a champion level show dog. This breed does have dogs that are black due to its back lineage of once being a German spitz but that color variation is deemed undesirable and the puppies are not very marketable. I'm sure you can put 2 and 2 together on what could happen to puppies that can't be profited off of.

My American Eskimo Dog is a 10-year-old female and she's started gagging and spitting up. She was on antibiotics and got better but now has remitted. She was always in good health ever since we got a pomeranian puppy and I'm not sure if it is related.

The best thing to do is to take your dog back to the vet. It could be as simple as her having something like a hair or blade of grass caught in her throat, to something more serious, to nothing at all. Sometimes dogs will gag is they drink too much water and sort of cough it back up. But a vet check is always the best way to start ruling out what it could be.

Have your vet do a complete blood panel to check kidney function. My beloved dog was diagnosed with declining kidney function and despite a special diet, she died 3 months later.

My 13yr old did the same thing. He's was diagnosed with pancreatitis. It is very painful. I had to change his diet and he now takes Pepcid and Benadryl twice a day. So far I have been able to manage the flare ups.

What is the best food for a 6-week-old American Eskimo puppy?

Your puppy is too young to have left its mother. Please, for the sake of the puppy and yourself, contact a positive reinforcement trainer as soon as possible. You are going to have a lot of work on your hands.

As for food, the best food to get your puppy is a high-quality grain-free puppy food. Your local pet store will have several brands for you to choose from.

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