The Symptoms,Cause,Diagnosis,Treatment and Prevention of Dog

The Symptoms,Cause,Diagnosis,Treatment and Prevention of Dog

Post Reply

Posts: 4

QUOTE 11/21/2010 3:39:55 AM
The causative agent of Brucellosis
in dogs is Brucella canis. It is transmitted to other dogs via breeding
and make contact with with aborted fetuses. Brucellosis in grownup men
and girls who have broken away make contact with with infected tissues
or seeds will occur. The bacteria in dogs typically infect the genitals
and lymphatic system, but can also distribute to the eye, kidney, and
intervertebral disc (which discospondylitis). The symptoms of
Brucellosis in dogs consist of abortion in bitches and scrotal
inflammation and orchitis (inflammation inside the testicles) in men.
Fever is rare. An virus inside the vision can result in uveitis, and
virus inside the disc can result in discomfort or weakness. our blood
medical tests inside the dogs before to breeding can to prevent the
distribute of this disease. It is treated with antibiotics, as in
humans, however it is difficult to cure.

Dog with Brucellosis Symptoms

The symptoms of Brucellosis are intermittent or irregular fever of
variable duration, headache, weakness, sweating, chills, excess fat loss

and generalized pain. Brucellosis can also result in long-lasting or chronic symptoms including recurrent fever, joint pain

and fatigue.

The symptoms are like those of many other febrile illnesses associated,
but with emphasis on muscular discomfort and sweating. The duration
inside the disease can consider from few weeks to numerous weeks as well
as years. within first stage inside the disease, septicemia occurs,
leading to the classic triad of undulant fever, perspiring (often with
characteristic odor, in comparison with wet hay) and migratory joint and
muscle pain. In our blood samples, is characteristic inside the
leukopenia and anemia, some elevation of AST and ALT and positivity
inside the classic Rose Bengal and Huddleson reactions

Intermittent fever typically lasts one to 5 weeks pursuing the symptoms
subside or disappear getting a rule for two days to two weeks. Then the
fever recurs. In some patients, this fever returns only once. In others,
the disease gets chronic, and also the fever occurs, slowing down, and
then returns repeatedly over weeks or years.

Dog with Brucellosis cause

At least 6 species or strains of bacteria developing Brucellosis in
animals but not all produce disease in humans. The bacteria distribute
from animals to people in 3 ways:

1.raw dairy products. disseminate Brucella bacteria within milk of
infected animals to people in unpasteurized milk, ice cream, butter and
cheese. The bacteria might be transmitted from infected animals and in
raw or undercooked meat.

2.Inhalation. Brucella bacteria swiftly distribute within air. Farmers,
slaughterhouse employees and laboratory employees inhale bacteria.

3.Direct contact. Bacteria within blood, semen, or placenta of an
infected animal can key in your bloodstream via a reduce or other wound.
thinking about that standard make contact with with animals - touching,
brushing, or play - does not result in infection, human being
Brucellosis is rarely of their pets. Still, grownup men and girls with
weakened immune systems to refrain from handling dogs known to have the

Dog with Brucellosis Diagnosis

1.Expect mild cases of Brucellosis, a sequence of flu-like symptoms
including back pain, fever, headache, perspiring and physical weak

2.Realize that the symptoms of Brucellosis are different nature and not
specific enough to support the diagnosis. The most standard symptom
inside the fever is intermittent in sixty % of cases and also the
initial diagnosis is typically a fever of unfamiliar origin. A slight
increase in liver enzymes can be common.

3.Look for an virus inside the center lining or the central anxious
system in serious cases of Brucellosis. Chronic cases may also result in
recurrent fever, persistent joint discomfort and fatigue.

4.Confirm a diagnosis of Brucellosis within laboratory by demonstrating
Brecella within our blood or bone marrow. our blood medical tests may
also be carried out to detect the antibodies toward these bacteria by
collecting two our blood samples every one 2 weeks.

5.Be alert for matters of acute and chronic untreated cases. matters
with the bones and joints, genitourinary system, liver and spleen will
be the most common.

Dog with Brucellosis Treatment

1.Expect treatment of Brucellosis with antibiotics difficult. The most
standard treatment is doxycycline and rifampin are employed in
combination for 6 weeks to prevent recurring infections. Prompt
diagnosis and treatment is essential.

prevent 2.Combine 100 mg doxycycline orally each day for 3 to 6 weeks
with streptomycin one g intravenously every one twelve to 24 hours for
14 days as an alternative treatment to relapse.

3.Prescribe trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole with streptomycin,
intravenously or orally in combination with rifampicin for four to 6
weeks for individuals more youthful than 8 many years old. Use analgesia
to deal with serious musculoskeletal pain, especially if they are
inside the spine. Restrict actions in acute cases and recommend bed
relaxation once the patient features a fever.

4.use 3 different antibiotics for as long as 3 months, once the central anxious system affected.

to require 5.Anticipate recovery, a few weeks to numerous weeks
depending inside the severity inside the disease and also the time of
treatment. The mortality rate is less than 2 % and is also typically
with an virus inside the lining inside the center (endocarditis.)

Dog with Brucellosis prevention

The only real method to prevent Brucellosis in dogs will be to have all
incoming dogs in a breeding program in a vacuum for two minutes at least
3 weeks ago, and during that time and have it attempted by your
veterinarian. The income for the screening may also help save thousands
of bucks within long run, if even one breeding female gets infected.

Posts: 1371

QUOTE 11/22/2010 1:59:34 PM
Brucellosis is highly contagious in ANY of the bodily fluids of infected dogs.  Scientists can not even tell you how long the bacteria lives in soil or areas that infected dogs have been in.

Also-- it depends on where you live if you can even get your dog treated.  For example in Michigan, the State I live in, Brucellosis is a DEATH SENTENCE for your dog.

Anyone breeding dogs will immediately have every one of their dogs put in quarantine.  Any positive dogs MUST BE DESTROYED.  No treatment options.  They will not release the quarantine until every dog in the home/kennel have tested negative for 3 months.   All of this at the breeders expense.  So many are just forced to euthanize every dog in their breeding program.

My friend went through this 2 years ago after she purchased some dogs out of State in a Kennel "sell out".  They infected her dogs, including puppies and Champion show dogs.

She was forced to euthanize about 12 adult dogs,  16 puppies and only 4 adults made it out alive, and that was after 6 months of testing she had to pay for.  She lost her breeding program, nearly went bankrupt and lost her home over Brucellosis.

If I ever suspected my dogs were infected, I would have to either do the tests myself or take them out of State to Indiana where they don't have the strict Euthanize/Quarantine procedures.


Posts: 261

QUOTE 11/22/2010 6:22:35 PM
And many people think is is stupid to have a mandatory Brucellosis test done before being allowed to use an outside stud.  I require a negative B. test dated within 3 months of breeding, I don't care if it is a maiden female or not. Brucellosis is just not something you ever consider taking a chance with.

Posts: 335

QUOTE 11/23/2010 10:40:38 AM
   well they wouldn't think it was stupid if they had a dog come down with it and lost all of their adults/puppies due to one outbreak. It is heartbreaking. I personally, thank God, have never had an incident, but have talked to those who have.   And having to put down your beloved dogs due to neglecting to get a simple $20 test is just carelessness.   Brucellosis is doggie VD, there is no cure and there is no stopping the spread even with the most strident cleaning and disinfecting once you get it in your kennel or home. 


Posts: 1371

QUOTE 11/23/2010 12:32:07 PM
Another important factor isn't just testing dogs at breeding time.  You need to test every single dog that you add to your breeding program and treat them as if they have it until they test negative 30 days after you quarantine them.

As in, don't just let that new dog run around with your original dogs, because by the time you realize there is a problem with the new dog, all your original dogs can be infected. 

Completely quarantine all new dogs! 

I just spoke with the State Vet in Michigan that had handled my friend's situation.  Just to make sure I was not giving out bad/old information.  I WAS CORRECT.  In Michigan, Brucellosis is a DEATH SENTENCE to breeding dogs.  They will not allow  breeders the option to treat-- or even to neuter/spay and place them in a pet home.  Euthanasia is the ONLY OPTION.

If you suspect your dogs may have it in Michigan, do not get them tested here.  One positive result and they turn your world upside down. 

A few years ago I know that several large kennels (probably puppy mills) had a problem with it and they made them destroy a couple hundred dogs from just a couple kennels.  They couldn't afford the $30 euthanization fee for all the dogs, so we were told one particular breeder just went out and shot them.  It's cruel, but he had no other options.   He couldn't even give them to an agency to dispose of, if they are quarantined on your property by the State, they will not allow you to remove them unless they are dead.

Post Reply New Topic