the vets list of what NOT to feed your dogs

the vets list of what NOT to feed your dogs

dihart

Posts: 322

QUOTE 12/6/2010 9:00:38 AM
        I read this list in the paper this morning in the "Ask a vet" column. I have known most of it, but want to pass on to others some of the (more dangerous) foods to avoid feeding your pooch. Especially with the holidays coming up I know these things are "in the house".

1) raisins & grapes. these can be very toxic to some dogs, causing fatal kidney failure. raisins are more dangerous because they are more concentrated.

2) Avocados. the fruit contains persin which causes severe gastrointestinal problems, vomiting & diarrhea

3) Macadamia nuts. can cause neurological issues, trembling, vomiting, weakness, drunkenness, abdominal pain

4) Chocolate. especially baking & dark chocolate. For an average of a 20 pound dog, 1 pound of milk chocolate, 6 oz of semi sweet cho. or 2 oz of baking chocolate can cause serious damage

5) Bones. (altho i realize many  feed their dogs, especially the bigger ones, bones) these can cause blockages or splinter off in the intestines and result in surgery.

6) High fat foods (in large amounts) Dogs digestive systems are not designed for large amounts of fat trimmings,. the result can be serious inflammatory disease called pancreatitus, causing long illnesses and even death. Long term high fat foods will obviously result in obesity and it's related problems also.

7) onions. they contain chemicals called sulfoxides that can damage red blood cells and cause anemia. raw, cooked or powdered can be problematic. 

jchamp52

Posts: 261

QUOTE 12/7/2010 2:52:59 AM

Quote dihart:

        I read this list in the paper this morning in the "Ask a vet" column. I have known most of it, but want to pass on to others some of the (more dangerous) foods to avoid feeding your pooch. Especially with the holidays coming up I know these things are "in the house".

1) raisins & grapes. these can be very toxic to some dogs, causing fatal kidney failure. raisins are more dangerous because they are more concentrated.

2) Avocados. the fruit contains persin which causes severe gastrointestinal problems, vomiting & diarrhea

3) Macadamia nuts. can cause neurological issues, trembling, vomiting, weakness, drunkenness, abdominal pain

4) Chocolate. especially baking & dark chocolate. For an average of a 20 pound dog, 1 pound of milk chocolate, 6 oz of semi sweet cho. or 2 oz of baking chocolate can cause serious damage

5) Bones. (altho i realize many  feed their dogs, especially the bigger ones, bones) these can cause blockages or splinter off in the intestines and result in surgery.

6) High fat foods (in large amounts) Dogs digestive systems are not designed for large amounts of fat trimmings,. the result can be serious inflammatory disease called pancreatitus, causing long illnesses and even death. Long term high fat foods will obviously result in obesity and it's related problems also.

7) onions. they contain chemicals called sulfoxides that can damage red blood cells and cause anemia. raw, cooked or powdered can be problematic. 

I wish to add to or a few items to the list:

Coffee, tea and (as mentioned above, chocolate) contain caffeine, theobromine, or theophylline, which can be toxic and affect the heart and nervous systems.

Cat food is generally too high in protein and fats.

Grapes and raisins contain an unknown toxin, which can damage the kidneys. There have been no problems associated with grape seed extract.

Human vitamin supplements containing iron can damage the lining of the digestive system and be toxic to the other organs including the liver and kidneys

Milk and other dairy products Some adult dogs and cats do not have sufficient amounts of the enzyme lactase, which breaks down the lactose in milk. This can result in diarrhea.

Mushrooms can contain toxins, which may affect multiple systems in the body, cause shock, and result in death.





bthomas

Posts: 3

QUOTE 6/10/2011 2:11:31 PM
Here is a helpful link as well:

http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=2+1659&aid=1030

tteddyau

Posts: 12

QUOTE 3/13/2012 1:05:23 AM

FOODS BAD FOR DOGS

Avocado

No matter how good you think the guacamole is, you shouldn't give it to your dog. Avocados contain a substance called persin. It's harmless for humans who aren't allergic. But large amounts might be toxic to dogs. If you happen to be growing avocados at home, keep your dog away from the plants. Persin is in the leaves, seed, and bark, as well as in the fruit.

Alcohol

Beer, liquor, wine, foods containing alcohol -- none of it's good for your dog. That's because alcohol has the same effect on a dog's liver and brain that it has on humans. But it takes far less to do its damage. Just a little can cause vomiting, diarrhea, central nervous system depression, problems with coordination, difficulty breathing, coma, even death. And the smaller the dog, the greater the effect.

 

Onions and Garlic

Onions and garlic in all forms -- powdered, raw, cooked, or dehydrated -- can destroy a dog's red blood cells, leading to anemia. That can happen even with the onion powder found in some baby food. An occasional small dose is probably OK. But just eating a large quantity once or eating smaller amounts regularly can cause poisoning. Symptoms of anemia include weakness, vomiting, little interest in food, dullness, and breathlessness.

Coffee, Tea, and Other Caffeine

Caffeine in large enough quantities can be fatal for a dog. And, there is no antidote. Symptoms of caffeine poisoning include restlessness, rapid breathing, heart palpitations, muscle tremors, fits, and bleeding. In addition to tea and coffee - including beans and grounds -- caffeine can be found in cocoa, chocolate, colas, and stimulant drinks such as Red Bull. It's also in some cold medicines and pain killers.

Grapes and Raisins

Grapes and raisins have often been used as treats for dogs. But it's not a good idea. Although it isn't clear why, grapes and raisins can cause kidney failure in dogs. And just a small amount can make a dog ill. Repeated vomiting is an early sign. Within a day, the dog will become lethargic and depressed. The best prevention is to keep grapes and raisins off counters and other places your dog can reach.

Milk and Other Dairy Products

On a hot day, it may be tempting to share your ice cream cone with your dog. But if your dog could, it would thank you for not doing so. Milk and milk-based products can cause diarrhea and other digestive upset as well as set up food allergies (which often manifest as itchiness).

Macadamia Nuts

Dogs should not eat macadamia nuts or foods containing macadamia nuts because they can be fatal. As few as six raw or roasted macadamia nuts can make a dog ill. Symptoms of poisoning include muscle tremors, weakness or paralysis of the hindquarters, vomiting, elevated body temperature, and rapid heart rate. Eating chocolate with the nuts will make symptoms worse, possibly leading to death.

Candy and Gum

Candy, gum, toothpaste, baked goods, and some diet foods are sweetened with xylitol. Xylitol can cause an increase in the insulin circulating through your dog's body. That can cause your dog's blood sugar to drop and can also cause liver failure. Initial symptoms include vomiting, lethargy, and loss of coordination. Eventually, the dog may have seizures. Liver failure can occur within just a few days.

Chocolate

Most people know that chocolate is bad for dogs. The toxic agent in chocolate is theobromine. It's in all kinds of chocolate, even white chocolate. The most dangerous kinds, though, are dark chocolate, chocolate mulch, and unsweetened baking chocolate. Eating chocolate, even just licking the icing bowl, can cause a dog to vomit, have diarrhea, and be excessively thirsty. It can also cause abnormal heart rhythm, tremors, seizures, and death.

Fat Trimmings and Bones

Table scraps often contain meat fat that a human didn't eat and bones. Both are dangerous for dogs. Fat trimmed from meat, both cooked and uncooked, can cause pancreatitis in dogs. And, although it seems natural to give a dog a bone, a dog can choke on it. Bones can also splinter and cause an obstruction or lacerations of your dog's digestive system. It's best to just forget about the doggie bag.

Persimmons, Peaches, and Plums

The problem with these fruits is the seeds or pits. The seeds from persimmons can cause inflammation of the small intestine in dogs. They can also cause intestinal obstruction. Obstruction is also a possibility if a dog eats the pit from a peach or plum. Plus, peach and plum pits contain cyanide, which is poisonous to both humans and dogs. The difference is humans know not to eat them. Dogs don't.

Raw Eggs

There are two problems with giving your dog raw eggs. The first is the possibility of food poisoning from bacteria like Salmonella or E. coli. The second is that an enzyme in raw eggs interferes with the absorption of a particular B vitamin. This can cause skin problems as well as problems with your dog's coat if raw eggs are fed for a long time.

Raw Meat and Fish

Raw meat and raw fish, like raw eggs, can contain bacteria that causes food poisoning. In addition, certain kinds of fish such as salmon, trout, shad, or sturgeon can contain a parasite that causes "fish disease" or "salmon poisoning disease." If not treated, the disease can be fatal within two weeks. The first signs of illness are vomiting, fever, and big lymph nodes. Thoroughly cooking the fish will kill the parasite and protect your dog. If feeding raw meat, take precautions to prevent food poisoning.

Salt

It's not a good idea to share salty foods like chips or pretzels with your dog. Eating too much salt can cause excessive thirst and urination and lead to sodium ion poisoning. Symptoms of too much salt include vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, elevated body temperature, and seizures. It may even cause death.

Sugary Foods and Drinks

Too much sugar can do the same thing to dogs that it does to humans. It can lead to obesity, dental problems, and possibly the onset of diabetes.

Yeast Dough

Before it's baked, bread dough needs to rise. And, that's exactly what it would do in your dog's stomach if your dog ate it. As it swells inside, the dough can stretch the dog's abdomen and cause severe pain. In addition, when the yeast ferments the dough to make it rise, it produces alcohol that can lead to alcohol poisoning.

Your Medicine

Reaction to a drug commonly prescribed for humans is the most common cause of poisoning in dogs. Just as you would do for your children, keep all medicines out of your dog's reach. And, never give your dog any over-the-counter medicine unless told to do so by your vet. Ingredients such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen are common in pain relievers and cold medicine. And, they can be deadly for your dog.

Kitchen Pantry: No Dogs Allowed

Many other items commonly found on kitchen shelves can harm your dog. For instance, baking powder and baking soda are both highly toxic. So are nutmeg and other spices. Keeping food items high enough to be out of your dog's reach and keeping pantry doors closed will help protect your dog from serious food-related illness.

What Dogs Can Eat

You can ensure your dog has a healthy, well-balanced diet by asking your vet to recommend a quality dog food. A well-designed dog food gives your pet all the nutrients it needs for an active and healthy life. But that doesn't mean you can't sometimes give your dog human food as a special treat -- as long as portions are limited, and the foods are cooked, pure, and not fatty or heavily seasoned. See the next few slides for some tasty suggestions. But if you're looking to human food as a meal replacement, talk to your vet about amounts and frequency

Safe: Some Fresh Fruits

Slices of apples, oranges, bananas, and watermelon make tasty treats for your dog. Be sure to remove any seeds first, though. Seeds, stems, and leaves can cause serious problems.

Safe: Some Vegetables

Your dog can have a healthy snack of carrot sticks, green beans, cucumber slices, or zucchini slices. Even a plain baked potato is OK. Be sure, though, not to let your dog eat any raw potatoes or any potato plants it might have access to in your garden.

Safe: Cooked White Rice and Pasta

Dogs may enjoy plain white rice or pasta after it's cooked. And, a serving of plain white rice with some boiled chicken can sometimes provide welcome relief from gastrointestinal upset.

sophia_dave101

Posts: 13

QUOTE 1/24/2013 11:56:37 PM
Thanks a lot tteddyau for sharing on this impressive info with us. I truly appreciate it!
vtpups

Posts: 19

QUOTE 4/8/2013 1:26:45 PM
Wow! thank you tteddyau for sharing that list, i am going to print it out and give it to my mother since she doesn't get on the computer. she feeds her beagle grapes and i have told her it isn't safe!
lshadams

Posts: 1

QUOTE 3/12/2014 9:18:49 AM
Above it says not to feed trimings or bones to dogs. That it can cause them to be obese.... ok. that is wrong. The thing to note is the about of energy your dog needs. Dogs use fat for energy, not carbs like humans. There are many people that feed a raw diet or BARF diet...they will tell you that fat is necessary for a dog. Now research should be done to ensure your dog gets the vitamins and minerals it needs. Bacteria in uncooked food typically isn't a problem due to the type of bacteria in their stomach, but I would try to follow refrigeration guidelines. And cooked bones of especially poultry or small game are a definite no no, but uncooked bones are normally fine as they don't splinter. A dog should be watched with bones to make sure they are inclined to swallow the bone or part of it.
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