Breed Group: Non-Sporting
Weight: Toy: 5-15; Miniature: 15-30; Standard: 25-40 lbs
Height: Toy: 9-14; Miniature: 15-20; Standard: 20-30 inches
Color(s): Black, slate, gray, brindle, fawn, red, bronze; spotted or solid
Also referred to as the Mexican Hairless, the Xoloitzcuintli is one of the rarest and oldest breeds in the world. Dating back over 3,000 years, the Xoloitzcuintli were highly prized for thir healing and magical powers. Aztec Indians found this breed useful as bedwarmers, and considered sacred. Once in danger of extinction, this breed was revived and today makes a cherished companion.
The most distinctive feature of the Xoloitzcuintli breed are the upright, large bat-like ears which provide acutely keen hearing. A primitive breed, the Xoloitzcuintli is hardy, well-built, extremely agile, and elegant.
The Xoloitzcuintli breed is affectionate, loving, intelligent, and devoted. They are highly protective of their family, home, and territory. This breed is not recommended for first time dog owners. The Xoloitzcuintli typically do not bark. Instead, they emit a howl to alert their family to danger. The do best in a home with older considerate children and dogs they have been raised with. They may be aggressive toward dogs they do not know. The Xoloitzcuintli is a sensitive and emotional breed that demands an inordinate amount of attention. They will become destructive if left alone for extended periods of time, and are prone to digestive problems and neurotic behavior if they become stressed.
Xoloitzcuintli's are not suited for cold climates, and requires a sweater in cooler temperatures. The health of the skin is extremely important. Only bathe this breed when absolutely necessary, as over bathing can harm the skin. While it is also important to use lotion and sunscreen on the Hairless variety, caution must be exercised. Too much lotion or sunscreen results in clogged pores and acne. The Coated variety of this breed requires very minimal brushing. The Xoloitzcuintli is prone to such health issues as early tooth loss, allergies to food, skin infection, and drug sensitivity.
The Xoloitzcuintli comes in two varieties: Hairless and Coated. The Hairless only possesses a short tuft of hair on the head and tail. The skin is smooth, soft, and sufficiently hardy to withstand the elements. The Coated variety has a full coat of hair that is short, sleek, and glossy. The Xoloitzcuintli breed is non-shedding and odorless.
Early and intense socialization is an absolute must. The Xoloitzcuintli breed is quick to learn but requires a dominant handler. It is imperative that training be done with respect, love, firmness, fairness, and consistency. The Xoloitzcuintli excels in agility, obedience, and as service and therapy dogs.
Xoloitzcuintli's are well suited for apartment living. They are relatively inactive and enjoy going for securely leashed walks, sunbathing in a securely fenced yard, and spending time with their family. It is important that during any outdoor activity this breed is appropriately covered for the climate.
Help reduce the number of dogs in shelters by doing your due diligence. Many puppies are often purchased with little or no knowledge of what goes into parenting one. Uneducated decisions often leave the puppy in need of adoption and in the care of rescue groups. Bringing home a puppy into your family has many benefits but we first implore you to educate yourself. An informed decision will take into account the characteristics of the breed, your lifestyle, expected veterinary care, the demands and limitations of owning one, their activity requirements and levels of companionship required.
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