Saint Bernard - St. Bernard Puppies & Breed Information

Saint Bernard - St. Bernard

Breed Characteristics


  • Size:
  • Grooming Needs:
  • Exercise Needs:
  • Good With Dogs:
  • Watchdog Ability:

Breed Information



Breed Group: Working

Weight: 120-200 lbs

Height: Male: 27.5; Female: 25 inches

Color(s): white with red, red or brindle with white; white must appear on chest, feet, tail tip, noseband, and collar (or spot on nape); may have dark mask

Overview

The Saint Bernard is a very ancient breed that was founded in AD 980. The most popular use of these gentle giants is in the area of search and rescue. The Saint Bernards uncanny ability to sense imminent danger, coupled with their heightened abilities of smell and direction, make this breed a useful and trustworthy worker and companion.

Character

The Saint Bernard is extremely loyal and friendly. They are powerful and muscular but never ill natured. They are faithful, highly intelligent, and unassuming. The Saint Bernard is imposing in size but displays a mellow and benevolent demeanor.

Temperament

The Saint Bernard has a somewhat sorrowful expression, but is actually very good-natured. They are excellent with children and other animals. They have a protective instinct for their family and make excellent watchdogs. They are sensible and loving and make a great family pet. They may display stubbornness, so owners must be very patient. They thrive on high amounts of love and attention. The Saint Bernard is prone to anxiety if left alone for extended periods of time and may destroy their owner's home and belongings.

Care

The Saint Bernard's coat is shed twice a year. They require daily brushing with a firm bristle brush to keep hair around the home down to a minimal amount. Bathing should only be done when necessary using a mild shampoo to avoid stripping the coat of its essential oils. Their eyes and ears must be checked and cleaned regularly to keep them free of irritants. The Saint Bernard is prone to such health issues as wobbler syndrome, heart problems, skin disorders, and bloating. They have no tolerance for hot weather.

Coat

The Saint Bernard breed has two different coat varieties: the smooth or shorthaired, and the rough or longhaired. Both varieties of coat are extremely dense in texture and are water resistant. The coat of the Saint Bernard is typically white with tan, red, mahogany, black or brindle markings in various combinations. They are heavy shedders.

Training

The Saint Bernard must be socialized at an early age while they are still a manageable size. They have a strong desire to please their owner and will respond best to gentle, patient, firm, and consistent training. The Saint Bernard does well with elementary exercises and obedience such as heeling, sitting, and staying.

Activity

The Saint Bernard requires a moderate amount of outdoor exercise. It is important they do not become over-heated. They enjoy daily walks and play sessions. They are suitable for apartment living provided they are given frequent walks. They will enjoy a yard of any size but it must be securely fenced.

Ownership

Help reduce the number of dogs in shelters by doing your due diligence. Many puppies are often purchased with little or no knowledge of what goes into parenting one. Uneducated decisions often leave the puppy in need of adoption and in the care of rescue groups. Bringing home a puppy into your family has many benefits but we first implore you to educate yourself. An informed decision will take into account the characteristics of the breed, your lifestyle, expected veterinary care, the demands and limitations of owning one, their activity requirements and levels of companionship required.


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Updated: 11/26/2014

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