The Pekingese requires diligent daily brushing to prevent tangles, knots, and mats. They need to be dry shampooed regularly. Their faces and eyes must be cleaned daily with a damp, soft cloth. They do not tolerate warm or damp climates, and become over-heated or chilled quite quickly. The Peke is prone to breathing problems, eye problems, herniated disc, and dislocated kneecaps. Special care must be given to not overfeed as they gain weight easily.
New dog owners, much like new parents, often have trouble deciding when it is necessary to seek medical attention for their dog or new puppy. The most basic rule of thumb is, if your dog is displaying behavior uncharacteristic of his normal actions, call the Vet. When is it time to see the Vet?