Breed Group: Toy
Weight: 4-7 lbs
Height: 8-11 inches
Color(s): black and white, red and white, or black and tan and white
A favorite of the Japanese court, this breed could only be owned by members of the Japanese Imperial family, and were often offered as a royal gift. In 1853 the Japanese Chin became exceedingly popular when a pair of this elegant breed was given to Queen Victoria. In 1964 they were honored as one of Japan's national symbols. Originally named the Japanese Spaniel, the AKC changed the name in 1977. Today the Japanese Chin has a small following in the United States, but remains highly adored in Japan.
Japanese Chins are a fine-boned, dainty breed with a square shape. They have an inquisitive expression with an Oriental appearance. This breed is a true aristocrat; lively and high stepping. They were originally bred to be a pampered companion and maintain that role today.
This breed is very intelligent, loving, and pleasant. They are also affectionate, mild mannered, and playful. The Japanese Chin is very adept at mirroring the moods of those around them. They are deeply devoted to their master and love everyone. With their gentle and sensitive demeanor, this breed is best suited for homes with older children. They are good with other dogs and pets. Although they are not an excessive barker, they make good watchdogs. They thrive on being the center of attention. This is a breed that is full of courage with a mind of their own. Graced with an excellent memory, they have definite likes and dislikes and never forget a friend or foe. The Japanese Chin, as a family pet is unrivaled.
The Japanese Chin requires daily gentle combing and brushing to keep the coat free from tangles. They must be combed and brushed in a specific manner, so a lesson from a professional dog groomer is recommended. Bathe only when necessary, and dry shampoo occasionally. The eyes and ears need to be cleaned and checked on a daily basis. As is the case in many short-muzzle breeds, the Japanese Chin is prone to respiratory problems. They also have a tendency toward eye infections and heat prostration.
The Japanese Chin's coat is thick, straight, long, and silky. The fur is more profuse around the neck and chest. The ears and tail are feathered. Their fine coat stands off the body and is white in color with patches of black, yellow, sable, orange, brindle, and red. This breed is an average shedder.
The Japanese Chin is much more obedient that most of the other toy breeds. They are eager to please, so training is done quite easily. This breed excels at learning and performing tricks. Since they are sensitive and mild mannered harsh training methods must never be used. They respond best to gentle, loving, fair, and consistent methods. Basic obedience is recommended.
This breed requires a minimal amount of exercise. They enjoy a short walk or play session daily. They are perfectly suited for apartment or condominium dwelling, but will also benefit from having the opportunity to play in a small securely fenced yard. It is very important to remember that the Japanese Chin is highly sensitive to temperature extremes.
Help reduce the number of dogs in shelters by doing your due diligence. Many puppies are often purchased with little or no knowledge of what goes into parenting one. Uneducated decisions often leave the puppy in need of adoption and in the care of rescue groups. Bringing home a puppy into your family has many benefits but we first implore you to educate yourself. An informed decision will take into account the characteristics of the breed, your lifestyle, expected veterinary care, the demands and limitations of owning one, their activity requirements and levels of companionship required.
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