Breed Group: Sporting
Weight: Male: 50; Female: 40 lbs
Height: Male: 19-21; Female 18-20 inches
Color(s): black or liver with white, black or liver roan, or tricolored (black or liver and white with tan markings); also white with black or liver markings
This is an older breed that is considered to be the founding ancestor of modern Spaniels. The English Springer Spaniel is the largest of the Spaniel breeds. They were quite popular during the Renaissance period as they were ideal companions for the European hunter. This breed became popular in America in 1700. Currently, there are two distinct "types" of the English Springer Spaniel. Those bred for the conformation ring are referred to as "bench bred". Those that are bred for hunting and/or field trials are referred to as "field bred".
The English Springer Spaniel excels not only in hunting on both land and water, but is an ideal family pet as well. They are a compact and medium sized breed, and are extremely athletic. Their expression is trusting, kind, and alert. This breed is hardy, sturdy, more quick and powerful than all other Spaniels.
English Springer Spaniels are sociable, gregarious, and gentle. They are also courageous, highly intelligent, and sincere. They are excellent with children and love everyone. The English Springer Spaniel thrives on human interaction and must be with their family as much as possible. If they are left alone for extended periods of time they will become destructive and are prone to excessive barking. They are good with other pets, but may not tolerate same sex dogs. They are not suitable for homes with pet birds.
This breed requires regular grooming with a stiff bristle brush. Bathing or dry shampooing should only be done when necessary. Their ears must be cleaned and checked on a consistent basis. It is important to keep the hair on the feet trimmed to prevent burrs or other objects from becoming imbedded. They are prone to hip dysplasia, PRA, PFK, and epilepsy. This breed tends to gain weight easily and must not be overfed.
The English Springer Spaniel has recently become afflicted with a serious personality disorder called "Rage Syndrome". A rare disorder, this syndrome will cause an otherwise normal dog to go into a sudden rage and viciously attack. Should this occur, the English Springer Spaniel will not respond to any commands. This condition has been found to be a form of epilepsy and is treatable.
The English Springer Spaniel has a coat that is of moderate length. It is weather-resistant, straight, lies close to the body, and is glossy. There is feathering on the brisket, chest, ears, and legs. The coat color comes in black and white, liver and white, and there may be tan markings. English Springer Spaniels are average shedders.
The English Springer Spaniel benefits from early intensive socialization and obedience. They must have firmness, fairness, praise, and consistency. This breed enjoys and excels in agility, fly-ball, tracking, retrieving, obedience, and, of course, hunting. They are also capable of making wonderful therapy dogs.
This breed is energetic and requires daily exercise. They have the ability to thrive in the country as well as the city. They enjoy brisk walks, bicycling, ball chasing, and swimming. They will do well in an apartment dwelling provided they are sufficiently exercised and given a safe space to run. It is important to remember that the English Springer Spaniel be given plenty of attention and stimulation.
Help reduce the number of dogs in shelters by doing your due diligence. Many puppies are often purchased with little or no knowledge of what goes into parenting one. Uneducated decisions often leave the puppy in need of adoption and in the care of rescue groups. Bringing home a puppy into your family has many benefits but we first implore you to educate yourself. An informed decision will take into account the characteristics of the breed, your lifestyle, expected veterinary care, the demands and limitations of owning one, their activity requirements and levels of companionship required.
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