Breed Group: Non-Sporting
Weight: 6-40 lbs
Height: 9-19 inches
Color(s): white, or white with biscuit cream
The exact origin of this breed is unknown, although it is widely believed this companion dog originated in the United States by German immigrants in the 20th century. A Member of the Spitz family, the American Eskimo Dog comes in three different varieties: toy, miniature, and standard. They became extremely popular in the 1930's and 1940's as a circus performer.
Commonly referred to as the Eskie, this breed is compact and strong. A Nordic type dog, they are exceedingly agile and alert. They are considered to be one of the most intelligent of all dog breeds. The American Eskimo Dog is well balanced, hardy, and known for their longevity. This versatile breed possesses outstanding working skills, and makes a lovely companion.
Bred solely to be companions, the American Eskimo Dog thrives on being part of the family. This charming and playful breed is excellent with children, and loves to be lavished with attention. They are suspicious and wary of strangers and make good guardians of their family and home. They love to bark and will sound the alarm whenever they deem it necessary. This breed does not do well if left alone for extended
periods of time or if they are isolated, as they will engage in destructive activities.
This breed requires firm bristle brushing twice weekly to prevent tangles and mats. Daily brushing may be necessary when they are shedding. They have drier skin than most other breeds; so bathing should only be done when absolutely necessary. The American Eskimo Dog is prone to hip dysplasia, cataracts, and progressive retinal atrophy.
The American Eskimo Dog has a glorious standoff double-coat. The under coat is dense with a longer coat of guard hair that grows through to form the outer coat. The outer coat is straight with no wave or curl. There is a profuse ruff around the neck. The backs of the front and rear legs are well feathered. The coat color is white, or white with cream or biscuit markings. This breed is an average shedder that "blows" their coat twice a year.
The American Eskimo Dog is easy to train and eager to please. This breed is highly talented in obedience trials. It is crucial they have early socialization to prevent aggression later in life. Training must be done with firmness, fairness, consistency, and positive reinforcement. The American Eskimo Dog is quite gifted in guarding, performing tricks, competitive obedience, agility, and narcotics detection.
This breed must have regular daily exercise. They enjoy securely leashed walks or playing in an enclosed yard. The American Eskimo Dog is active indoors and has a busy nature. They benefit immensely from family play sessions. They will do okay in an apartment provided they are sufficiently exercised and paid attention to.
Help reduce the number of dogs in shelters by doing your due diligence. Many puppies are often purchased with little or no knowledge of what goes into parenting one. Uneducated decisions often leave the puppy in need of adoption and in the care of rescue groups. Bringing home a puppy into your family has many benefits but we first implore you to educate yourself. An informed decision will take into account the characteristics of the breed, your lifestyle, expected veterinary care, the demands and limitations of owning one, their activity requirements and levels of companionship required.
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